Unit 1 Festivals around the world
Teaching aims and demands
2> how festivals begin
3>how to celebrate festivals
Eg: Could you please…?
Could I have …?
I look forward to doing…
Eg: It’s a pleasure. /Don’t mention it.
It’s very kind of you to…
I’d love to …
Thank you very much./Thanks a lot.
You are most welcome.
Jin can speak English well. (ability)
Could you please show me the way to …? (request)
May we see the awards for the team? (permission)
She might give you … (possibility)
The whole family will come for dinner. (promise)
Often he would dress up like a rich man. (pass habit)
We would be there with our friends. (promise)
Period 1 Warming up and fast reading
Step 1 discussing the following questions
a.How was your holiday/spring festival?
b.Did you go traveling?
c.How much pocket money did you get?
Step 2 talking
1). Name some festivals
Spring Festival Dragon Boat Festival Lantam Festival Mid-Autumn Festival
Army Day May Day Teachers’ Day
New Year National Day Mother’s Day
Children’s Day Father’s Day
Christmas Day Halloween carnival
Easter Valentine Day Oben
2).Ss work in groups of four and list five Chinese festivals and siscuss when they take place , what
they celevrate and one thing that people do at that time. Then fill in the blanks.
Festivals Time of year/date Celebrate for Things to do
Dragon Boat Day
Tomb sweeping Day
1) What’s your favourite holiday of the year? Why?
2) What festivals or celebration do you enjoy in your city or town? Do you like spending festivals
with your family or with friends? What part of a festival do you like best—the music, the things to
see, the visits or the food?
4. Fast reading and find the answers to the following questions.
A.What did ancient festivals celebrate?
B.What are festivals of the dead for ?
C.Why are autumn festivals happy events ?
D.Name three things people do at spring festival ?
Period 2-3 Intensive reading
1.Read the passage paragraph by paragraph and find the main ideas of each paragraph
Paragraph 1: All kinds of celebration in ancient time.
Paragraph 2: The purpose to honour the dead and three examples
Festivals Time Things people do
Day of the Dead
Paragraph 3: The reasons Why we honour people
Festivals Who does it celebrate ?
Dragon Boat Festivals
Indian National Festival
Paragraph 4: Autumn festivals are happy events
Paragraph 5: How people celebrate in spring festivals
a.They would starve if food was difficult to find…
starve （v.） 饿死；挨饿
eg. Millions of people starved to death during the war.
Starve for sth 渴望…
Eg. The homeless children starve for love.
Starvation (n.) 饿死
Eg. Die of starvation
Starvation wages 不够维持基本生活的工资
b.The most ancient festivals would celebrate the end of the cold weather, planting in spring and
harvest in autumn.
Celebrate (vt./vi.) 庆祝，赞颂，赞美，举行（仪式）
Eg.We celebrate the new year with a party.
Their courage was celebrated in all the newspaper.
Celebrated (adj.) = famous 着名的，驰名的
c. …because they thought these festivals would bring a year of plenty.
days/years/…of plenty :富裕（尤指事物和钱）的日子，年月，生活等。
Eg.You have a life of plenty, what would you be worried about ?
d.Some festivals are held to honour the dead, or satisfy and please the ancestors, who could return
either to help or to do harm.
1）Honour (v.) “尊敬，给…增光” honour sb. (sth.) with sth.
Win honour for… 为…争光
Show honour to sb. 尊敬某人
in honour of sb.(sth.) = in sb.’s /sth’s honour 出于对某人的敬意
eg.There will be a party in honour of his success.
We have a party in honour of the famous artist.
Eg.That answer won’t satisfy her.
Satisfied （adj.） 满意的（主语是人）
Satisfactory (adj.) 令人满意的（主语是事而不是人）
Satisfying （adj.） 令人满意的（主语是事）
Satisfaction （n.） 满意
Eg. She’s satisfied with her son’s progress.
Do you think what he said is satisfying?
3)harm (n.) (U) 伤害
Eg. Don’t be too serious , he meant no harm.
(v.) harm sb./sth.=do harm to sb./sth.
Eg. Don’t be afraid, the dog won’t harm you.
What you do should do more good than harm.
e.The festival of Halloween had its origin as an event in memory of
In memory of / to the memory of sb. 最为对某人的纪念，纪念某人
Eg.The museum was built in memory of the famous scientist.
f.They dress up and try to frightened people.
Dress n. 连衣裙/
v. dress sb./oneself 给…穿上衣服
Eg. The first thing she does every morning after getting up is to dress her son.
Dress up 盛妆打扮，乔装打扮
Eg. Ladies loves dressing up more than anything else.
g.If they are not fiven anything, the children might play a trick.
Play a trick on sb. 玩弄某人
Eg. That naughty boy likes to play a trick on others.
h. in memory of the arrival of Christopher Columber in America.
Arrival n. 到达
Eg.We are pleased for their arrival.
i. In India there is a national festival on October 2 to honor Mahatma
Gandhi,the leader who helped gain India’s independence from Britan.
Eg.The baby has a gain of half a pound.
eg.He had gained himself a reputation for unfairness.
比较: get 得到，获得 应用最广的词
Aquire 获得，取得 指通过漫长的过程而逐渐获得
Gain 得到，获得 往往指通过努力而获得某种有益或有利的东西
Eg.I got a favorite answer.
How did she acquire her skill?
I hope you will gain still greater success.
j. gather 收集，积累
eg. The police have gathered information about the murderer.
k. …Some people might win awards for their animals…
win the second award 获得第二等奖
win the award of ten thousand dolar.
Vt.奖励，授予 award sb. Sth./sth to sb.
Medals are awarded to the best speakers on the debating team.
比较： award n./vt. 对鼓励工作突出所进行的鼓励，往往强调荣誉
Prize n. 多指在各类竞赛或抽彩中所赢得的奖。这种将有的凭靠能力，有的凭靠运气获得。
Reward n./v 指对某人的工作或服务等的报答。
Eg. He won the award for the best student of the year.
A prize was given to the person who had the winning number.
The waitress was given two more extra dolar for her good serves.
l. …when people admire the moon and give gifts of mooncakes.
Admire vt. 钦慕，羡慕，赞美
Admire sb. for sth. 因谋事而赞美/仰慕某人
Admire to do sth. 喜欢干谋事
Eg.Don’t forget to admire the students.
Everybody admires him for his fine sense of humour.
I just admire to get letter, but I don’t admire to answer it.
m. …that looking forward to the end of winter and to the coming of sping.
Look forward to doing sth.
Eg. I am looking forward to seeing you again.
The children are looking forward to visiting the Great Wall.
n.The country is covered with cherry tree flowers so that it looks as though
it might be covered with pink snow
as though =as if 引导状语从句，常常放在 act, look, sound, feel, smell
Eg. He behaves as though nothing has happened.
It looks as if it were summer already.
Period 4 Using language --- Reading
Step 1. Greetings
Step 2. Lead-in: 1. Introduction of Qiqiao Jie
（Why called Qiqiao Jie and some customs of the very day and the sad love story.）
2.The following story is a modern sad love story.
Step 3. Ss read the questions given and read the story to find the answers.
Step 4. words and phrases.
1.But she didn’t turn up.
Turn up 1) 出席，来 For several reasons, she didn’t turn up.
2) 出现，找到 The book you have lost will turn up one day.
3) 开大音量 （反义词）turn down
Turn up the radio a little, I can hardly hear the program.
2.to hold one’s breath: to wait without much hope
eg.The girl held her breath at the sight of the snake.
3.to drown one’s sadness: To drink in order to forget
to drown one’s sorrows: 借酒消愁
4.to keep one’s word 守信用(反) to break one’s word 失信
Eg.He is a man who always keeps his word.
Don’t believe him, he always breaks his word.
5.set off 1)动身，出发 Tomorrow we’ll set off for home.
2)使…爆炸 The human body bomb set off among the crowd.
6.I don’t want them to remind me of her.
Remind sb.of sth. 提醒某人某事
Remind sb. to do sth. 提醒某人做某事
Remind sb. That
Eg.The pictures remind me of my school days.
Remind me to buy her a gift.
I reminded him that he must go home before dark.
Eg.Please forgive me for my being rude.
Step 5.Ss work in groups of four to summarize the story and ask some of Them to tell the story in
their own words.
The story took place in an coffee shop where the hero, Li Fang, is
Waiting for his girl friend, Hu Jin’s coming. To his appointment, she
Didn’t turn up. Then there is a show on TV, which talked about the sad
Love story Of Qiqiao Jie. Being heart-broken, Li Fang threw away his
Valentine’s gift to Hu Jin. Then he met Hu Jin on his way back home,
Who had been waiting for him at a tea shop. What should he do?
Period 5-6 Discovering Useful Stuctures: Modal verbs
1) can and could
Jin can speak English well.(ability)
No one could finish the test last week.(ability)
The teacher said that we could not leave early.(permission)
The hunters are lost. They could starve.(possibility)
Could you please show me the way to Beihai Park?(request)
注意：表示一般能力时，can 可与 be able to 互换，但表示过去的能力+特定行为时，用 was/were
able to ,be able to 可用于各种时态，而 can 只能用于现在时。
Eg.His mother wasn’t at home, so he was able to watch TV
2) may and might
May we see the awards for teams?(permission,request)
She might give yousome new clothing.(possibility)
Eg.We might go shopping until dark.(我们被允许)
Mother said:”You might go shopping until dark.” （说话者允许主语做某事）
2.在用于请求许可时，may 可与 can/could 互换
3）will and would
The Spring Festival is the most fun. The whole family will come for dinner.(promise;agreement)
Often he would dress up like a rich man.(past habit; custom)
Would you like to join us for dinner?(request)
注意：would 与 used to 均可表示“过去惯常”，但是 would 常与过去时间状语连用，意为总
是，总要；used to 与现在时间相比，意为过去常常，暗示现在已经没有了。
Eg.When he was there, he would go to that coffee shop at the corner after work every day?
He used to go to that coffee shop at the corner after work every day,but now he goes to play
4)shall and should
The harvest festival begins on Saturday.We shall be there with our friends.(promise, agreement)
It’s nearly five o’clock. The taxi should be here soon.(prodiction)
Eg.Shall we go shopping after school?
2.should have done 表示过去应该做而没有做
Should not have done 表示过去不用做而却做了
5）must and can’t
Wang Feng wins an award every year. He must be very strong.(speculation)
You must be joking. That can’t be true. (guessing)
对现在的事情进行把握较大的判断时，肯定判断用 must+动词原形，否定判断用 can’t+动词
She must be in the library.
She can’t be in the room.
2.modal verbs+ have done
情态动词+动词完成式即“情态动词+ have + done 分词”，表示对过去行为或动作进行推测、评
1. must have done 表示对过去某事的肯定猜测。其否定或疑问形式都用 can(could) 来表示.
Since the road is wet, it must have rained last night.
He can’t have missed the way. I drew him a map.
“The dictionary has disappeared. Who could have taken it?”
当然对现在发生或将来发生的事情,要用 must do 表示猜测, 否定为 can’t do.
He must understand that we mean business.
You must be hungry after a long walk.
2.may / might have done
may / might have done 表示推测过去某事“也许”发生了.may 比 might 表示的可能性在说话
I can’t find my keys. I may / might have left them at the school yesterday.
3. could have done 在肯定句型中, 往往用作委婉的批评. 本应该做什么,而没做; 有时也用作
You could have told us earlier.
Tom could have taken the dictionary.
4. ought to / should have done 和 ought not to / shouldn’t have done
ought to / should have done 和 ought not to / shouldn’t have done 用于对已发生的情况表示“责
1）With all the work finished, I should have gone to the party last night.
2）You ought not to have made fun of him. He is not the one you laugh at but learn from.
5. needn’t have done
needn’t have done 表示过去做了某事，但没有做的必要， 意为“本没必要…”。
You needn’t have waken me up; I don’t have to go to work today.
注：表示推测过去某动作发生的可能性时，就表示的可能性程度而言，must 最大，could 其次，
may 更次之，might 最小。例如：
“I wonder how Tom knew about your past.”
“He must / could / may / might have heard of it from Mary.”
情态动词+行为动词进行式（即情态动词+ be + doing 形式），表示推测或评论某动作现在是否
1）He must be playing basketball in the room.
2）She may be staying at home.
情态动词+行为动词完成进行式（即情态动词+ have been + v-ing 形式），表示推测或评论过去
1）They should have been meeting to discuss the problem.
2）He may / might have been buying stamps in the post office when you saw him.
考试中主要测试 need 作情态动词与作实义动词的区别.
情态动词 need 与实义动词 need 在时态、肯定、否定结构上的对比见下表。
时态 情态动词 need 实义动词 need
现在时 He need (needn’t) do
Need he do….? He needs (doesn’t need) to do
过去时 He needed (didn’t need) to do
将来时 He need (needn’t) do
Need he do….? He will (not) need to do
注: need 一般用于否定句或疑问句.
考试中主要测试 dare 作情态动词和作实义动词的区别。
情态动词 dare 与实义动词 dare 在时态、肯定、否定、疑问结构上的对比见下表。
句型 情态动词 dare 实义动词 dare
肯定句 现在时 dare to 少用
过去时 dare to 少用 现在时 dare/dares to do
过去时 dared to do
否定句 现在时 daren’t/dare not do
过去时 dared not do 现在时 do/does not dare (to) do
过去时 did not dare (to) do
疑问句 现在时 Dare he do?
过去时 Dared he do? 现在时 Do you/Does he dear (to) do?
过去时 Did he dare (to) do
3. can 和 may
考试中主要测试 can，may 或 could，might 表示可能性的区别及对 may 构成的疑问句的回答。
（1）can, could, may, might 都可以表示可能性.can, could 表示潜在的可能性或理论上或逻辑判
断上存在的可能性；而 may, might 则表示事实上的可能性。此外，can 还具有“有能力”的意
思，而 may 与 might 则不具此意。例如：
According to the weather forecast, it may rain tomorrow.
Any man with a little sense can see that he is wrong.
（2）May I / we …？这一类疑问句的肯定回答为 Yes, please.或 Certainly；否定回答为 Please
don’t.或 No, you mustn’t. 例如：
“May we leave now?” “No, you mustn’t. You haven’t finished your home work yet.”
4. can 和 be able to
can 与 be able to 都可以表示能力，但两者在用法上有点差异：can (could)表示主观能力，不
表示意愿，它的将来时用 will be able to; be able to 表示主观意愿，强调要克服困难去做某事。
1）My grandma is over seventy, but she can still read without glasses.
2）He is able to give up his bad habits.
5. must 和 have to
must 和 have to 都可以表示“必须”，但有几点区别：
（1）must 强调“内在的职责”、“义务”，而 have to 强调“外界压力”、“不得已而为之”。
（2）have to 可用于多种时态，而 must 一般用于现在时，其过去时与将来时分别由 had to 与
shall / will have to 代替。
（3）在回答 must 引起的问题时，如果是否定的答复，不能用 mustn’t，而要用 needn’t 或
don’t have to，因为 mustn’t 是“一定不要”、“一定不能”的意思。例如：
1）You must come to the classroom before eight.
2）It is raining hard outside, but I have to leave now.
3）“Must we do it now?” “No, you needn’t.”
6. used to +do, be used to +doing 和 be used to +do
（1）used to +v 意为“过去常常”，“过去一直”；be used to +v-ing / n（名词）意为“习惯于”；
be used to +v 意为“被用来（做某事）”。
（2）used to 只表示过去，而 be used to +v-ing / n 可表示现在、过去或将来。例如：
1）He used to smoke. Now he doesn’t.
2）He’s quite used to hard work / working hard.
3）The knife is used to cut bread.
would rather, would sooner, would (just) as soon, had rather, had better, had sooner, can not but, may
(just) as well 等可用作情态动词。例如：
1）The soldier would sooner die than surrender.
2）The brave soldier would as soon die as yield to such an enemy.
3）I’d rather walk than take a bus.
4）If you don’t like to swim, you may just as well stay at home.
注：这些短语后一般直接跟动词原形.would (had) rather, would (had) sooner, would (just) as soon
后可跟 that 引导的从句，that 常省去，从句要用虚拟语气。对现在和将来的假设用过去时，
1）I would rather you came on Sunday.
2）I would sooner you hadn’t asked
Period 7 Listening and exercise
Step 1 Listening about carvals
1.Introduction of carnivals:
与复活节有密切关系。复活节前有一个为期 40 天的大斋期，即四旬斋（lent）。斋期里，人们
禁止娱乐，禁食肉食，反省、忏悔以纪念复活节前 3 天遭难的耶稣，生活肃穆沉闷，于是在斋
期开始的前 3 天里，人们会专门举行宴会、舞会、游行，纵情欢乐，故有\"狂欢节\"之说。如
家都在 2 月中下旬举行庆祝活动。各国的狂欢节都颇具特色，但总的来说，都是以毫无节制的
2. Let Ss read the questions on page 6.
3. Have Ss listen once and make notes beside the quertions.
4. Have them write their answers and check them with a partner.
5. Check the answers with the class.
Step 2 Doing exercise left.
Step 1. Dictation for the new of unit 1
Step 2. Listenin of the Easter in the workbook.
1. Introduction of Easter
Most English holidays have a religious origin. Easter Day occurs on the first Sunday after the full
moon following the spring equinox.It is originally the day to commemorate the Resurrection of
Jesus Christ. But now for most people, Easter is a secular spring holiday, while for the children, it
means, more than anything else, Easter eggs or chocolate eggs! On Easter Sunday morning, the
breakfast eggs are boiled in several pans in some families.Each containing a different vegetable dye,
so that when they are served the shells are no longer white or pale brown in color, but yellow or pink,
blue or green. The dyes do not penetrate the shell of course. Easter eggs are meant to give
enjoyment-- and they do! They are pretty and decorative, they signal good wishes and shared
happiness in the changing seasons.
2.Listen to the passage and find the answers to all the questions.
Unit 2. Healthy Eating
1.Topics:Problems with diet ;Balanced diet and nutrition
2.Words and expressions
1)Suggestions and advice
You must /must not… ; What should I do?
I think you ought to …; I suppose you had better…
Perhaps you should…
Do you think you could give me some advice?
What’s the matter? What’s wrong?
What seems to be the trouble?
How long have you been like this?
3)Agreement and disagreement.
I don’t agree. Of cause not. I don’t think so.
All right. That’s a good idea.
No problem. Certainly /sure
Yes, I think so. I’m afraid not.
4. Gramma: The use of ought to
You ought to cook fresh vegetables and meat without too much fat
If you want to stay slim.
You ought not to eat the same kind of food at every meal.
Step 1. warming up
1. Do you eat a healthy diet? What kind of food do you usually have for meals? Are the food you
usually eat healthy food or unhealthy food?(Discuss in pairs)
2. Name some healthy food and unhealthy food.
healthy food unhealthy food.
All vegetables: cabbages, Fatty food: French fries
Peppers tomatoes potatoes cream roast pork/lamb
All fruits: apples, grapes sugary food:chocolate
Strawbaries bananas pears sweets/honey ice-cream
Dairy products:Milk cheese salty food:can biscuit
Seafood: shrimp cookies
3. Do you know that the food you eat helps you grow in different ways? Some will make you
fat/tall/thin.Look at the charm below,and see which kind of food they.
FOOD TO GIVE YOU ENERGY FOOD TO GROW BONES
AND MUSCLE Foods that fibre for
digestion and health
Fast energy food Slow energy food Body-building food Protective foods
Corn dumplings Butter cream
Oils ham nuts
Fried bread stick
Fried cake/chips Dairy products:
Meat eggs tofu
Seafood shrimp All vegetables(eg.beans,
Apples, peaches, oranges,…)
1.Which of these groups of food do you like best?
2.Which of them do you eat most often?
3.Do you think we should eat each kind of food?
3.What will happen if you do not eat a balanced diet?
Too much fatty/sugary/salty food will cause many diseases and get too fat.
Only protective food will feel weak ,no energy and get too thin.
Step 2. Pre-reading
1. Discuss the questions in the chart.(Which food contains more…)
2. Order the following food from which contains most fat to which contains less.
Answer: ice-cream, eggs, chicken, rice, peaches
Step 3 Fast reading and answer the following questions
1. What does Wang Pengwei’s restaurant serve?
2. What about Yong Hui’s restaurant?
Step 4 Intensive reading and find the answers to comprehending .
Period 2 Language points
Step 1.Lead-in: Listen to the tape to get a better understanding .
Step 2.Language points
1.Wang Pengwei sat in his empty restaurant feeling very frustrated.
feeling very frustrated 现在分词在句中作伴随状语
eg.She sat on the chair reading a newspaper.(表伴随)
Walking in the street, she met her old friend.(表时间)
Seeing no body at home , she decided to eat outside.(表原因)
The child fell, striking his head against the ground.(表结果)
2.His restaurant ought to be full of people.
Ought to 1) to show a moral duty 表示一种道义上的责任，应该
Eg.She ought to look after her child better.
You ought to study hard to get a high mark.
2)ought to have done 表示本应该…，而却没有…
Eg.You ought to have come yesterday.
3.He thought of his mutton kebabs, fatty pork cooked in the hottest oil. 过去分词短语作后置定语，
= which were cooked in the hottest oil.
Eg.The flowers picked by him are very beautiful.
4.Nothing could have been better.比较级与否定词连用表示最高级。
= All his food could have been the best.
Eg.I have never seen a better film.
There is nothing I like so much as playing football.
5.Pengwei followed Maochang into a newly-opened small restaurant…
1）adv.+p.p well-known newly-built
2) adj.+n.+ed warm-hearted good-tempered
3) num.+n.+ed four-storied three-legged
4) adj.+ving good looking easy going
5) n.+ving peace-loving energy-giving body-building
6) n.+p.p heartfelt(由衷的) man-made
7) adj.+p.p newborn ready-made(现成的)
8）n.+adj. duty-free(免税的) carefree(无忧无虑的)
6.Tired of all that fat?
Tired of 厌烦的 He is tired of doing the same thing all year round.
Tired out 筋疲力尽 I was tired out when I finally reach the top of the mountain.
Tired from 因…而疲倦 I was very tied from running fast.
7.I will take all that fat off you in two weeks if you eat here everyday.
Take off 脱掉，除掉(vt.)，起飞(vi.)
Eg.Don’t take off your coat, it’s cold outside.
The plane took off despite the fog.
8.He couldn’t have Yonghui getting away with telling people lies!
1）have sb. doing sth.允许谋事发生，尤用于否定句中
Eg. Mr Zhang won’t have his daughter arriving home after 12 o’clock.
I won’t have you saying so!
Have sb. do sth. 使某人做某事，不定式作宾语补足语，省略 to
Eg.The boss has the clerks work until late in the evening.
Have sth. Done 请别人做某事。
Eg.My hair is quite long, I must have it cut.
2) get away with sth.
a)不因谋事而受惩罚。Eg.I won’t have you getting away with cheating in the exam.
b)偷携某物潜逃。Eg.The robbers robbed the bank and got away with a lot of money.
c)收到较轻的惩罚。Eg.He was so lucky to get away with a fine for such a serious mistake.
Step 3. Ss read the passage together
Period 3. Using language---Reading: Come and eat here (2)
T: As we know, Wang Pengwei and Yong Hui host two different styles of restaurants, and Yong Hui’s
slimming restaurant attracted all the customers from Wang Pengwei’s. Pengwei was very angry and
decided to do a research to compete against Yong Hui. What could the competition be on?
Step 2.Ss read the passage within 5 minutes and answer the questions given.
Question: How do they provide a balanced menu?
Step 3.Language points
1.Perhas he would be able to earn his living after all and not have to close his restaurant.
earn one’s living by… =live by…=make a living by…靠…谋生
eg. He earned his living by begging from door to door.
2.He didn’t look forward to being in debt because his restaurant was no longer popular.
Be in debt 欠债。
Be out of debt 还清债务。
Be in sb.’s debt 欠某人人情。
Eg. Saving my life, I am forever in your debt.
3.She didn’t look happy but glared at him as she moved round the customers.
Glare at 怒视，带有敌意
Eg. “How could you do that？”he said, glaring at his mother.
Glance at 扫视
Eg.He glanced at his watch and left in a hurry.
Stare at 张大眼睛死死地盯着
Eg.She stared at him in surprise.
4.Yong Hui agreed to stay and soon they were both enjoying the dumplings, fatty pork and cola.
Agree to (do) sth. 表示“同意某事或某建议”，后只能跟表“提议，计划，方案，打算，安排”
Eg.He agreed to their proposal.
He agreed to get someone to help us.
Agree with sb. 同意某人
Eg.I agree with every word you said.
Agree on sth. 表示在某事上取得一致的意见
Eg.They agreed on a date for the next meeting.
5.But don’t you think it would be better if you were a bit thinner?
虚拟语气，表示与现在事实相反的假设时，条件状语从句的谓语动词用过去式（be 用 were），
而主句的谓语动词用 would(should, could ,might)+动词原形。例如：
If I were you, I should study English better.
If he had time, he would attend the meeting.
6.My research has shown me that neither your restaurant nor mine offers a balanced diet.
Eg.Neither the students nor the teacher has suffered from the fire with the timely help of the
Eg.Neither do I know her address, nor does he.
Neither could the patient eat, nor could he drink.
Period 4 Listening
Step 1. Listening in Using Language on Page 14
1. T: We all know that before Wang Pengwei and Yong Hui combined the two restaurants into one,
they competed against each other fiercely. What made Wang Pengwei have the idea to cooperate with
Yong Hui? Let’s listen to the tape and then fill in the charts.
2. Ss read the charts and listen to the tape.
3. Possible answers
Energy-giving Foods Body-building Foods Protective Foods
Rice noodles nuts Meat fruit
Butters, etc fish vegetables
Owner of restaurant Problems with foods offered Foods to be offered
Wang Pengwei Too much fat More protective food
Yong Hui Not enough fat More energy-giving and body-building food
What is Wang Pengwei’s suggestion for solving the problem?
--Wang Pengwei thought they should work together and make a better menu.
Step 2. Listening on Page 48
1. What are the colours of traffic lights?
Red orange green
2. We also have such colours of foods, what are they ? Listen to the tape to get the answers.
(only a little) Orange foods: be careful
(some every day) Green foods: go
(more every day)
butter Bread Fresh fruit
cream Noodles vegetables
Foods fried in fat Tofu
Period 5. Exercise left and checking the answers of Best English
UNIT 3 The million pound bank-note
Step 1. Warming up
1. What do you know about the American writer Mark Twain?
2. Do you know any of his work ? Can you name some?
T:Show the picture of Mark Twain and have an introduction of him, then let the students read “About
Mark Twain” on page 23, and fill in the following chart.
Real name of Mark Twain Samuel Langhorne Clemens
Date of birth 1835
Names of three of his famous stories “The adventure of Tom Sawyer”
“The adventure of Huckleberry Finn ”
“Life on the Mississippi”
Step 2. Pre-reading
1.A rich man gives you a large amount of money to use as you like. What will you do with it? Whu?
2.Have you ever made a bet with a friend? If so, what did you bet on? How did you feel about the bet
after it was won of lost?
---- bet n. make/have a bet 打赌
win/lose a bet 打赌赢/输了 Accept/take up a bet 同意打赌
----bet v. bet…on
Eg.Mr Black spent all his money betting on borses.
I bet…=(informal) I’m certain… 我肯定
Eg.I bet he has gone swimming-he loves it.
3. Have you ever read the story “The million pound bank note”? Have you seen the movie? If so,
what did you think of it?
4. Look at Page31 of Best English to see the Introduction of “The million pound bank note”.
Step 3.Fast reading and answer the following questions
1. How did Henry come to England?
2. Why did he land in Britain?
3. Where did Henry work before?
4. Why did the two gentlemen give him the envelope?
5. When can he open it?
Step 4.Read the passage once again carefully to do the comprehending exercise.
Step 5. Take roles to read the play
Period 2. Intensive reading
Step 1. Language points
1. be about to 即将做某事
eg. As I was about to lock the door when you appeared.
Be to 按照命令或安排即将发生或将做的事
Eg.Tell her not to be back late.
2. 1)permit sb. to do sth. = allow sb to do sth
eg. Her mother would not permit her to come home late.
Eg.Will you permit me to say a few words?
Mary wouldn’t allow me in.
2) Permit sth./doing sth. 许可，荣许某事存在发生
Eg. Love cannot permit a third person.
We don’t permit smoking in the office.
3. incredible (adj.)
Eg.Sally earns an incredible amount of money in the company.
The Gates had an incredible holiday in Greece.
Eg.They told us an incredible story!
Incredibly hot weather 极热的天气
Incredibly，no one had ever thought of such a simple idea before.
4.“I wonder, Mr Adams, if you mind us asking a few questions?”
I wonder if/whether… 不知您是否…
If you mind us asking = if you mind our asking
Eg. Sophia’s having seen them did not surprised us.(主语)
Excuse my interrupting you. (宾语)
What worried the child was his not being allowed to see his mother in the hospital.(表语)
5.‘And it was the ship that brought you to England.’
强调句式，it+is/was +被强调部分+that +其他
Eg. It was in this room that LuXun once lived.
Was it because his mother was ill that he didn’t go to school?
When was it that the club was set up?
6. account for: be the explanation of sth.; explain the cause of sth.
Eg. His illness accounts for his absence.
Please account for your own conduct.
Step2. Read the play carefully once again to find out what sort of person each person is according to
their words and stage directions.
charactors actions words Prove him to be a…
Step3. Acting out the play in groups of four.
Period 3. Reading and acting Act one, Scene 4
Step1.Listen to the tape and answer the following questions.
1. What did Henry have for meal?
2. Could the restaurant change his money? Why?
Step2. Read the play while listening to the tape to get a better understanding.
Step3. Language points
Step4. Ss act the scene 4 out.
Period 4 Talking and listening in the workbook.
Unit 4 Astronomy：the science of the stars
Period 1 Grammar points.
whether；连接代词 who, what, which；连接副词 when, where, how, why 等。
Eg: Which team will win the match is still unknown.
Eg: It’s strange that he didn’t come yesterday.
1．Nobody knew that it was going to be different from other planets going to be different from other
planets going round the sun.
going round the sun 为现在分词短语定语，表示一般的动作。
Eg: Men breaking the law will be punished.
2. Weather life will continue on the earth for millions of years to come will depend on whether this
problem can be solved.
for millions of years to come 中不定式 to come 作定语，与前面的名词有逻辑上的主谓关系。
Eg: She is the last person to tell lies.
3．The problem was that the earth became violent because it was not clear whether the solid shape
was to last or not.
The problem was that …, that 引导表语从句，that 只起连接作用，无意义，但不能省略。
Eg: The trouble is that we are short of money.
4．As the earth cooled down, water began to appear on its surface.
as conj. 随着，在…期间；由于，因为；尽管，即使；当…的时候；像…一样
5. That made it possible for life to begin to develop.
it 是形式主语，真正的主语是不定式 to begin to develop.
Eg: He thinks it’s his duty to help others.
Please look at/ listen to … Please pay attention to ...
Please check that … Make sure you …
Don’t forget to … Watch out for …
You need … You’d better …
You must/mustn’t …
① atmosphere n. 大气，空气，气氛
a friendly atmosphere 友好的气氛
atmospheric adj. 大气的，有气氛的
② violent adj. 剧烈的，厉害的；（人）暴戾的；（感情、言语）激昂的，激烈的
violence n. 剧烈，暴行
violently adv. 激烈地，粗暴地
③ solid adj. n. 固体的；实质的；纯粹的；结实宾；牢靠的，稳固的
④ explode vt. vi. 爆炸，使爆炸；感情爆发；驳倒，推翻
explosion n. 爆发，爆炸
explosive adj. 爆炸性的，爆发性的
⑤ surface n. 外表，表面；adj. 表面的，外表的；vt. vi. 浮出水面，给…装上表面
⑥ dissolve vt. vi. 使溶解，溶解；解散，消除，解除
dissolution n. 解散，溶解
⑦ harmful adj. 有害的
harm n. v. 危害，伤害
harmless adj. 无害的
harmlessness n. 无害，无恶意，天真无邪
harmfully adv. 有害地
harmlessly adv. 无害地
⑧ spread vt. vi. n. （使）张开，伸展，扩张；涂；散布，传播；（使）蔓延
⑨ exist vi. 在，存在，生存
existence n. 存在；生活，生存
⑩ mass n. 团，块，堆，众多，大量；pl. 群众，民众；质量
in time 迟早，最后 in time for sth./to do sth. 及时，不迟
prevent … from 阻止某人做某事（from 有时可省略，但在被动说现语态中不能省）
depend on/up sth. 依靠，指望；相信；取决于
cheer up 使某人高兴或更快乐
now that 既然，由于
break out 突然发生，逃出某地
make sense of … 理解，弄懂，有道理，有意义，理智的
Unit5 Canada —— “The true North”
Period 1 Warming up and Reading 1
1. Teaching aims:
1. Talking about Canada.
2. Learn the geography, population, main cities, and natural beauty, natural resources of Canada.
3. Learn how to read a traveling report and pictures.
2. Teaching aids: A computer, a project and pictures.
3. Teaching steps:
Step 1. Warming up.
1. Ss discuss the following questions.
1) Do you like to go traveling?
2) Which countries do you like to visit? Why?
3) What can you see in these countries?
2.T shows some pictures of winter and invites Ss to describe them.
3.Get Ss to talk what they know about Canada.
4.T shows a map of Canada and asks: 1.Which continent is Canada in?
2.Which country is its neighbor?
3.What are the Oceans Canada faces?
4.How large is Canada?
4. Have a quiz.
Step 2. Pre-reading.
T: Would you like to take a trip to Canada?
What three words would you use to describe Canada?
Step 3 Reading
Get Ss to read the passage quickly and answer the following questions:
1) What is the passage mainly about?
Sample：The passage is about a trip of two girls, and it tells us some information about Canada.
2) What is “The Ture North”?
Sample：“The True North” is the train that goes across Canada / the cross-Canada train.
3) How many cities are mentioned in the text? What are they?
Sample：Vancouver – Calgary—Thunder Bay—Toronto
4) What do you know about each city?
the warmest part of Canada； the most beautiful city in Canada
many Asian want to live there；the trees are extremely tall.
the oldest and most beautiful forests in the world
famous for Stampede
Cowboys come to compete in riding wild horses.
good at working with animals
they can win a lot of money in prizes.
at the top end of the Great Lakes；very busy port
close to the centre of the country ,so that ocean ships can go there.
2. Detailed reading:
1) Get Ss to read the passage again and correct the following sentences.
1. The girls went to Canada to see their relatives in Montreal.
(in the East of Canada / on the Atlantic coast of Canada)
2. Danny Lin was going to drive them to Vancouver.
(the train station to catch the cross-Canada train)
3. You can cross Canada in less than five days by bicycle.
4. The girls looked out the windows and saw Native Indians and cowboys.
(a grizzly bear, mountain goats and wild scenery)
5. Thunder Bay is a port city in the south of Canada, near Toronto.
(at the top end of the Great Lakes, near the center of the country)
2) Listen to the tape and fill in the blanks from the text.
Canada is _____ than the United States. It is the _______largest country in the world.It is _____
kilometers from coast to coast in Canada.The population of Canada is only slightly
over_____________.Canada has _________ of the world’s fresh water, much of which is in the
___________.On the coast north of Vancouver some of the oldest and most beautiful _______ in the
world still remain. It is so wet there that the trees are extremely ______.
Period 2 Language points:
1.Canada is a multicultural country like China. 加拿大像中国一样是一个多元化国家。
multistory 多层的 multiform 多种形式的
multichannel 多通话线路的, 多波段的 multipurpose 多种用途的
多党的 multiparty 多国的、多民族的 multinational
多向的 multidirectional 多彩的，彩色的 multicolored
2.Li Daiyu and her cousin Liu Qian were on a trip to Canada to visit their cousins on the Atlantic
trip: usually short journey, esp. for pleasure (通常指短途的)行走，旅行（尤指娱乐性的）
与 trip 搭配的主要动词和介词： be on a trip to
make a trip to take a trip to
海滨之行 a trip to the seaside
前往巴黎的蜜月之旅 a honeymoon trip to Paris
他出差在外。He is on a business trip
My father will make a trip to New York next week
3. Rather than take the aeroplane all the way, they decided to fly from China to Vancouver and to
take the train from west to east across Canada in September.
rather than (prep.): in preference to (sb/sth); instead of 与其（某人/某物）;不愿;不要
他不愿惹麻烦,宁可离去. Rather than cause trouble, he left.
I’ll have a lemonade rather than a coke.
He was busy writing a letter rather than reading a newspaper.
4. It is the second biggest country in the world and as you go eastward, you will see mountains, and
pass by thousands of lakes, forests and wide rivers as well as cities. 它是世界第二大国家,当你一
eastward 也作 eastwards,副词,意为“向东”
-ward(s)=in a direction
向前 foreward(s) 向后 backward(s)
向外 outward(s) 向南 southward(s)
向西 westward(s) 向北 northward(s)
他们向东航行。They sailed eastward
We couldn’t decide whether to go eastward or westward
thousands of 成千上万的
注意：million, billion, thousand, hundred, score, dozen 之前有确定的数字时，不论后面是有无 of,
如果前面没有确定的数字而后接 of 时，词尾都加 s.
300 名学生 three hundred students
这些鸡蛋里的 3 打 three dozen of these eggs
几打鸡蛋 dozens of eggs
5. Many people think it is the most beautiful city in Canada, as it is surrounded by mountains on the
north and east and the Pacific. 许多人都认为温哥华是加拿大最美丽的城市，因为它的北面和东
surround vt. 包围，环绕，围绕
surround sb/sth with sb/sth
sth/sb be sourrounded by/with sth
篱笆环绕着学校。The fence surrounds the school
他们出动了军队包围了该城。They have surrounded the town with troops.
房子的四周有高墙。The house is surrounded by high walls.
6. On the coast north of Vancouver some of the oldest and most beautiful forests in the world still
north of = to the north 表示“在……的北方”，其他方位词，如：east, west, south, southeast,
He lives to the east of Los Angeles
7. That afternoon in the train the cousins settled down in their seats. 那天下午表姐妹俩才在火车
settle down 安稳坐下，安居下来，适应起来
His grandfather settled down in the armchair with a newspaper.
你适应新工作了吗？ Have you settled down in your new job yet?
8. Many of them have a gift for working with animals and they can win thousands of dollars in prizes.
have a gift for 在…..方面有天分；有天赋
她对学语言有天赋。she has a gift for learning languages.
好像他对音乐有些天赋。It seems he has a gift for music.
Period 3 Learning about language
Step 1: Check the answers of exercise 1 on page 36
multi = many meanings
multicoloured made of many colours
multichannel having many channels
multiform existing in many forms
multinational including many nations
multistorey having many stories / storeys
multimedia using many media
multitrack made of many tracks
multifaith including many religions / faiths
multimember made of many members / people
-ward(s) = in a direction meanings
forward(s) ahead, to the front
eastward(s) to the east
westward(s) to the west
southward(s) to the south
backward(s) to the rear; to the back
outward(s) out, in a direction away
northward(s) to the north
inward(s) to the inside
toward(s) in a direction to
Step 2: Check the answers of exercise 2 on page 36
Extremely、have a gift for、settle down、coast
Step3：Check the answers of exercise 3 on page 36
figure out 、harbour、within、border、a gift for
settled down、surrounded 、extremely
Step4 Appositive clause
T. What kind of noun clauses are they?
1. What it was to become was a mystery.(主语从句)
2. I don’t know who will help Henry to win the bet.（宾语从句）
3. His trouble is that he doesn’t know anybody in London.
4. The fact that ships can go there surprises many people.
Period 4 Grammar pionts
which, who,when, where, why, how 等 词 引 导 ， 常 放 在
fact,news,idea,truth,hope,problem,information,wish, promise, answer, evidence, report, explanation,
例：The news that they had won the game soon spread over the whole school.他们比赛获胜的
析：they had won the game 说明 The news 的全部内容，因此该句为同位语从句。
1.如同位语从句意义完整，应用 that 引导同位语从句。（即 that 不充当任何成分，只起连
例：The general gave the order that the soldiers should cross the river at once.将军下达了战士
析：the soldiers should cross the river at once 是 the order 的全部内容，且意义完整，因此应
用 that 引导同位语从句。
2.如同位语从句意义不完整，需增加\"是否\"的含义，应用 whether 引导同位语从句。（if
例：We\'ll discuss the problem whether the sports meeting will be held on time.我们将讨论运动
析：the sports meeting will be held on time 意义不完整，应加\"是否\"的含义才能表达 the
problem 的全部内容，因此应用 whether 引导同位语从句。
用 when,where,how 等词引导同位语从句。
例 1：I have no idea when he will be back.
析：he will be back 意义不完整，应加\"什么时候\"的含义才能表达 idea 的全部内容，因此
应用 when 引导同位语从句。
例 2：I have no impression how he went home,perhaps by bike.
析：he went home 意义不完整，应加\"如何\"的含义才能表达 impression 的全部内容，因此应
用 how 引导同位语从句。
如：The thought came to him that maybe the enemy had fled the city. 他突然想到敌人可能已经逃
如：The report that he was going to resign was false.
因为 the report was that he was going to resign 句意通顺，所以，that he was going to resign 是同
例 1：Information has been put forward ____ more middle school graduates will be admitted
into universities.(NMET2001 上海)
A.while B.that C.when D.as
析：答案为 B。more middle school graduates will be admitted into universities 是 Information
的内容，且 Information 不在从句中作成分，所以该句为同位语从句。应将该句区别于：
It is said that more middle school graduates will be admitted into universities，this is the
information ____ has been put forward.
A.what B.that C.when D.as
析：答案为 B。that has been put forward 为 information 的修饰性定语，且 information 在从
例 2：She heard a terrible noise,____ brought her heart into her mouth.(MET91)
A.it B.which C.this D.that
行词为 a terrible noise，且它在从句中作主语。应将该句区别于：
I can\'t stand the terrible noise ____ she is crying loudly.
A.it B.which C.this D.that
析：答案为 D。she is crying loudly 是 the terrible noise 的内容，且 the terrible noise 不在从
Period 5 ‘The True North’From Toronto To Montreal
Step 1. Lead in: Show some pictures of Canada, and asks “Do you know the following things in
Step 2. Ss read the passage within 3 minutes to fill in the following plot.
The next morning They saw beautiful maple leaves
And realized that fall had come
Around noon They arrived in Toronto
Late that night The train left
At dawn the next
Morning They arrived in Montreal
They spent the
afternoon In the lovely shop and and visiting artists
In their workshops beside the water
The night The train was speeding down to the east coast
Step.3: Read the passage for a second time and answer the following questions.
1. How do we know it is fall in Canada?
2. What can sometimes be seen from the CN Tower in Toronto?
3. Where does the water from the lake go?
4. Why is there good Cantonese food in Torono?
5. Which direction is the train going from Torono?
6. Why did the girls go to Old Montreal?
7. What three things show us that Montreal is a French city?
Step 4 Language points
1.They were not leaving for Montreal until later.
Not …until …表示“直到…才…”，常与表示瞬间的动词连用。如：
We do not leave until this evening.
The noise in the street didn\'t stop until midnight.
2. It’s too bad you can’t go as far as Ottawa, Canada’s capital.
as far as (习语)直到所提到之处为止
I walked as far as the foot of the mountain.
Sarah has read as far as the fourth volume.
3. The girl told him they were on a train trip across the Canada and that they had only one day in
一个动词若带两个宾语从句，第二个宾语从句的引导词 that 一般不能省，例如：
I understand not only that you have studied Chinese but also that you have written Chinese poetry.